Metal-Organic-Frameworks (MOFs) offer appealing advantages over classical solids from combination of high surface areas with crystallinity and chemical/structural diversities beyond compare with any other type of synthetic material. These features conform an excellent platform to engineer these porous materials with other functionalities like tunable optical and electrical properties or a rich host-guest chemistry amenable to chemical modification of their porous scaffolds, to access a new world of possibilities with MOFs playing an emerging role as multipurpose catalysts.
This PROMETEO excellence project will use this chemical approach to target two applications of scientific and social relevance like energy conversion and metal cluster catalysis. MOFs are still underexplored in this context and we are confident the goals pursued might represent a significant advance in the field that helps changing the conception of MOFs, sometimes perceived simply as aesthetically pleasant crystal structures, into advanced porous materials with important implications in high-impact catalysis.
First, we aim to demonstrate that compared to classical inorganic semiconductors, MOFs can play a significant role as advanced porous photo-catalysts with tunable efficiency by chemical engineering of their optical activity and electrical conductivity. In parallel, we aim to exploit the combination of chemical stability, electrical conductivity and porosity deployed by these crystalline frameworks to unleash their potential in electroreduction CO2 reactions. Finally, we plan to go be-yond the state-of-the-art and use MOFs as crystalline platforms to template the growth, stabilise and characterise SNMCs directly into their pores by mastering the host-guest dynamical recognition processes involved. Also important, the PROMETEO excellence project recognises the potential of the pursued goals for direct transfer to industrial application. Accordingly, we also aim to adapt the synthesis of the MOF materials identified as more relevant into more efficient production methodologies that allow for efficient multi-gram synthesis with optimum cost.
Instituto de Ciencia Molecular
Catedrático José Beltrán 2
CP 46980, Paterna (Spain)
Tel: +34 96 354 4421
Fax: +34 96 354 3273